Media Coverage of Sports Official Assault and Abuse

Washington Post, 2017 – Referee Abuse Driving Referee Shortage

Sporting News, 2015 – Trends in Referee Assault and Abuse

Kansas City Star, 2018: Basketball Official Assaulted

Holland (MI) Sentinel, 2017 – Rise of the Bullying Coach

Free Press, 2015  (Michigan legislative effort)

Boston Globe, 2013: Violence Against Referees, What to Do

CNN, 2013: Referees Under Siege

Michigan: Referee Killed in 2015

Utah: Referee Killed in 2013

Netherlands Official Killed


Academic Studies:

Marquette Sports Law Review